Research

Venturi Splashes

Diving can generate some remarkable splashes. Here researchers explore the splashes from a wedge-shaped impactor. At high speeds, they found that the splash sheet pushed out by the wedge curls back on itself and accelerates sharply downward to “slap” the water surface (top). Studying the air flow around the splash sheet reveals some of the dynamics driving the slap (bottom). The splash sheet quickly develops a kink that grows as the sheet expands. This creates a constriction that accelerates flow on the underside of the sheet. That higher velocity flow means a low pressure inside the constriction, which pulls the thin sheet down rapidly, making it slap the surface. For more, check out the full video. (Image and research credit: T. Xiao et al., source)

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