Research

Fluid Sculptures From Bursting Bubbles

A bubble initiated near a free surface–like the air-water interface here–can  generate some spectacular dynamics. Beginning at the far left, the expanding subsurface bubble causes a dome at the surface that sharpens into a spike. By Frame 3, the bubble is collapsing but overshoots and rebounds, which introduces the tiny instability in Frame 4 that grows in subsequent time steps to form the water skirt that surrounds the spike. Although generated entirely differently, the end result is reminiscent of the water sculptures made by artists like Marcus Reugels, Corrie White, Jack Long, and others. (Image credit: A. M. Zhang et al.)

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