Water Drops on Sand

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This high-speed video captures the impact of liquid droplets onto a granular surface. While there is some similarity to liquid-solid and liquid-liquid impacts, the permeability of the granular surface helps to “freeze” the splash rather quickly. Energy is dissipated in the initial impact, causing a splash of grains.  Then the surface tension, viscosity and inertia of the droplet compete in causing the deformations seen in the video. The deformation appears strongly dependent on the kinetic energy with which the droplet hits the surface (i.e. proportional to the height from which it is dropped). (Video credit: G. Delan et al)

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