Research

Growing Metal Fingers

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Eutectic gallium-indium alloy is a room-temperature liquid metal with an extremely high surface tension. Normally, that high surface tension would keep it from spreading easily. But once the metal oxidizes, the surface tension drops. When that oxidation is combined with an electric field, the metal spreads into fingers. The higher the voltage, the more complex the fingering patterns. (Image and video credit: K. Hillaire et al.)

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