Art

A Dance of Hydrogen Bubbles

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Hydrogen bubbles rise off zinc submerged in hydrocholoric acid in this short film from the Beauty of Science team. In high-speed video, the rise of the bubbles is stately and mesmerizing. Notice how the smallest bubbles appear as perfect spheres; for them, surface tension is strong enough to maintain that spherical shape even against the viscous drag of their buoyant rise. Larger bubbles, formed from mergers both seen and unseen, have a harder time staying round. In them, surface tension must battle gravitational forces and drag from the surrounding fluid. (Image and video credit: Beauty of Science; via Laughing Squid)

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