Crown Splash Sealing

A sphere falling into water generates a spectacular crown
splash at the surface. The object’s impact ejects a thin sheet of fluid
that rises vertically. The air pulled down into the cavity by the
sphere’s passage makes the air pressure inside the sheet lower than the
ambient air pressure on the exterior of the sheet. This pressure
difference is part of what draws the crown inward to seal the cavity. As
the splash collapses inward and seals, the liquid sheet starts to
buckle and wrinkle, leaving periodic stripes around the closing neck.
This so-called buckling instability occurs when the radius of the neck
collapses faster than the vertical speed of the splash. For more, see
the research paper or this award-winning video. (Image credit: J. Marston et al., source)

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