Jet Impact

Viscoelasticity can generate some bizarre fluid behaviors. Viscoelastic fluids are special class of non-Newtonian fluid in which the response to deformation is both viscous, like a fluid, and elastic, like rubber. Above, a jet of viscoelastic fluid impacts a plate as viewed from the side (top image) and beneath (bottom image). When the jet impacts the plate, elastic stresses in the fluid destabilize the cylindrical symmetry of the jet. The jet instead becomes webbed, with an odd, asymmetric number of webs. The number of webs depends on the viscoelastic properties of the fluid as well as the jet’s speed and distance from the plate. (Image credit: B. Néel et al.)

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