Shark-Tooth Instability

A viscous fluid inside a horizontally rotating circular cylinder forms a shark-tooth-like pattern along the fluid’s free surface. This is one of several patterns observed depending on the fluid’s viscosity and surface tension and the rotational rate of the cylinder. (Photo credit: S. Thoroddsen and L. Mahadevan; for more, see Thoroddsen and Mahadevan 1996 and 1997)

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