Collective Catfish Convection

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Gather many birds, fish, or humans together and you often get collective motion that’s remarkably fluid-like in appearance. This video shows a group of juvenile striped eel catfish, an (eventually) venomous species that uses strength in numbers for protection while young. Their movement is rather mesmerizing, and if you watch individual catfish, you’ll see a sort of convective motion inside the blob. There’s a general downward trend near the front of the school and a rising one on the backside. Perhaps they’re taking turns feeding near the bottom of the pack? (Image and video credit: Abyss Dive Center; via Colossal)

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