Leidenfrost Dynamics

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When a liquid impacts a solid heated well above the liquid’s boiling point, droplets can form, levitating on a thin film of vapor that helps insulate them from the heat of the solid. This is known as the Leidenfrost effect. Here a very large Leidenfrost droplet is shown from the side in high-speed. A vapor chimney forms beneath the drop, causing the dome in the liquid. When the dome bursts, the droplet momentarily forms a torus before closing. The resulting oscillatory waves in the droplet are spectacular. The same behavior can be viewed from above in this video. (Video credit: D. Soto and R. Thevenin; from an upcoming review by D. Quere)

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