The Rayleigh-Taylor instability occurs when a denser fluid lies atop a lighter fluid (relative to the gravitational field). The interface between the fluids deforms and the two fluids form finger-like protrusions that turn into mushroom caps and mix the dissimilar fluids together. This video, though based on a 2D Rayleigh-Taylor instability numerical simulation, was actually part of an art exhibit. (submitted by Mark S)
Personally, I recommend putting together a playlist of your favorite late 60s/early 70s rock (Pink Floyd, late Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, etc.) and sticking it on in the background while you watch the video in HD. It’s totally worth the 15 minutes. Especially in the later stages of each segment, the mixing between fluid layers really brings to mind cloud patterns on Jupiter or Saturn.