Droplets falling onto a bath of the same liquid will sometimes coalesce via a series of increasingly smaller droplets in a process known as the coalescence cascade. Soap bubbles, it turns out, can exhibit a similar partial coalescence. When a bubble nears a soap film and the air between them drains away, coalesce can begin. If the the soap film beneath the bubble ruptures, some air from the inside of the bubble can escape. Part of the bubble coalesces with the soap film and a smaller daughter bubble is left behind. The researchers observed this process happen up to three times before the bubble coalesced completely. Alternatively, if the soap film did not rupture, the air inside the bubble had no escape, and the bubble would coalesce into a hemispherical lens atop the soap film. (Video credit: G. Pucci et al.; via KeSimpulan)
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