Hydraulic Jump in the Lab

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When fast-moving liquids encounter regions of slow-moving liquids, they decelerate rapidly, trading their kinetic energy for potential energy and creating a hydraulic jump. Flow in the video above is from left to right. The depth difference between the incoming and outgoing water can be directly related to the velocity of the incoming fluid. Hydraulic jumps in rivers and spillways are often extremely turbulent, like the one in this video, but laminar examples exist as well. In fact, with the right height and flow rate, you can create stable hydraulic jumps right in your kitchen sink. The hydraulic jumps formed from a falling jet are typically circular, but with the right conditions, all sorts of wild shapes can be observed. (Video credit: H. Chanson)

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