Research

Rebounding Off Dry Ice

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Droplet rebound is frequently associated with superhydrophobic surfaces but can also be generated by very large temperature differences. For very hot substrates, a thin layer of the drop vaporizes on contact via the Leidenfrost effect and helps a drop rebound by preventing it from wetting the surface. This video shows almost the opposite: a water droplet hitting solid carbon dioxide (-79 degrees C). Upon contact, the solid carbon dioxide sublimates, creating a thin layer of gas that separates the droplet from the surface. You can also see the vortex ring that accompanies the drop’s impact. Water vapor near the carbon dioxide surface has condensed into tiny airborne droplets that act as tracer particles that reveal the vortex’s formation and the rebounding droplet’s wake. (Video credit: C. Antonini et al.; Research paper)

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