Flowing Up a Waterfall

Tea-drinking physicists found that it’s possible for particles to flow up a short (< 1 cm) waterfall to contaminate pure upstream sources. Their apparatus is shown above, along with an inset showing the velocity field on the surface of the channel. The blue arrows indicate flow downstream and the red arrows indicate counterflow that carries particles upstream. The researchers suspect that Marangoni effects may play a role in setting up the counterflow. The finding could have implications for pollution control and manufacturing. # (submitted by Gabe)

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