Fluidized Sand

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What’s shown in this video are some pretty spectacular demonstrations of fluidization, where a gas is introduced at the bottom of a bed of granular particles–like sand. At the critical gas velocity, the aerodynamic forces exerted on each particle by the gas will balance the gravitational force on the particle and it will become suspended. All of a sudden, the macroscopic behavior of the solid particles will be like that of a fluid; you can even make it “boil”!

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