Wingtip Vortices in Ground Effect

In this flow visualization, wingtip vortices from an aircraft have been simulated using an apparatus with a couple of flaps that snap together like a book closing. Dye is pooled on the “ground” below the flaps and gets entrained by the vortices and lit up using laser light. The red vortices are the primary vortex generated by the aircraft wingtips and the green ones are secondary vortices generated by interaction with the ground. The lower half of the picture is a reflection off the ground. This photo was part of the 2009 Gallery of Fluid Motion. #

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