Hydraulic Jumps

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This student video outlines the principles and mathematics behind the hydraulic jump, a commonly occurring phenomenon that occurs when a high velocity liquid flows into a low velocity zone. In order to slow down, the liquid’s kinetic energy converts to potential energy, resulting in an increase in height. Though often seen in kitchen sinks or rivers, the principle is also commonly used in dams and other manmade structures to control erosion of surrounding features. (Video credit: T. Price, D. Alexander, A. Rodabough, and D. Jensen)

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