DIY Solutal Convection

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In this video, the HouseholdHacker heads to the kitchen and uses milk, food coloring, and dish soap to create some solutal convection much like this one with cream and liqueur. The food coloring serves as a tracer for the fluid motion; it’s really the interaction of the milk and the dish soap that drives the motion. The dish soap lowers the surface tension of the milk, causing motion via the Marangoni effect. That motion redistributes some of the dish soap as well, causing further motion in the form of a surface tension instability. As with the cream and liqueur experiment, the fat in the milk is important; you won’t see much (if any) effect with fat free milk because its surface tension properties aren’t as dissimilar to dish soap. (via

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