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As waves fold over and break, they trap air, creating bubbles of many sizes. The smallest of these bubbles can be only a few microns across and persist for long times compared to larger bubbles. When they burst, they create tiny droplets that can carry sea salt up into the atmosphere to seed rain. Understanding how these bubbles form and how many there are of a given size is key to predicting both oceanic and atmospheric behaviors. Numerical simulations like the one featured in the video above reveal the dynamic collisions that create these tiny bubbles and help researchers learn how to model the tiniest bubbles so that future simulations can be faster. (Image and video credit: W. Chan et al.)

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