Inside a Splash

When a droplet strikes a pool, a thin, fast-moving sheet of liquid expands outward from the region of contact. These ejecta sheets come in many forms depending on surface tension, viscosity, air pressure, and droplet momentum. When the ejecta sheet curls downward to touch the pool, it can spray microdroplets outward or trap a layer of air underneath the droplet. For more, see this video by S. Nagel et al., and the papers Thoroddsen (2002) and Thoroddsen et al. (2008).  (Photo credits: S. Thoroddsen et al.; GIF from this video by S. Thoroddsen et al.)

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