Salinity Near the Amazon

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This numerical simulation shows the variation of salinity in the Atlantic Ocean near the mouth of the Amazon River over the course of 36 months. The turbulent mixing of the fresh river water and salty ocean shifts with the ebb and flooding of the river. Salt content causes variations in ocean water density, which can strongly affect mixing and transport properties between different depths in the ocean due to buoyancy. Understanding this kind of flow helps predict climate forecasts, rain predictions, ice melting and much more. (Video credit: Mercator Ocean)

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